Android Q & A


How do I declare permissions in the Android Manifest file?

Declaring permissions in the Android Manifest file is a crucial aspect of building Android applications, ensuring that your app interacts safely and securely with the device’s resources and user data. Here’s a simple guide to help you declare permissions in the Android Manifest file:


When you start developing your Android app, you’ll often encounter scenarios where your app needs access to certain device features or user data, such as the camera, storage, location, or internet connectivity. To request permission to access these resources, you need to declare the necessary permissions in your app’s Manifest file.


The Android Manifest file, named AndroidManifest.xml, is where you define various aspects of your app’s behavior, including the permissions it requires to function properly. Open the Manifest file in your Android Studio project, which is typically located in the “app” directory of your project structure.


To declare a permission in the Manifest file, you use the `<uses-permission>` element, specifying the permission you need as an attribute. For example, if your app requires access to the device’s camera, you would add the following line within the `<manifest>` element:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />

Similarly, if your app needs access to the device’s location, you would declare the location permission like this:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_FINE_LOCATION" />

It’s essential to be specific about the permissions your app requests and only request permissions that are necessary for your app’s functionality. Requesting unnecessary permissions can lead to user distrust and may discourage users from installing or using your app.


When you declare permissions in the Manifest file, it’s crucial to provide clear explanations to users about why your app needs these permissions. Android users are becoming increasingly privacy-conscious, and they appreciate transparency regarding app permissions.


Once you’ve declared the necessary permissions in your Manifest file, Android will prompt users to grant these permissions when they install or launch your app for the first time. Users have the option to grant or deny permissions individually, empowering them to control how their data is accessed and used by apps.


By understanding how to declare permissions in the Android Manifest file and following best practices for requesting permissions, you can ensure that your app respects user privacy and operates securely within the Android ecosystem.

Previously at
Flag Argentina
time icon
Skilled Android Engineer with 5 years of expertise in app development, ad formats, and enhancing user experiences across high-impact projects