CodeIgniter Q & A


How to create a custom helper in CodeIgniter?

Creating a custom helper in CodeIgniter is a straightforward process that allows you to extend the framework’s functionality with your own utility functions. Custom helpers are a great way to encapsulate and reuse code across your application. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to create a custom helper in CodeIgniter:


  1. File Creation: Start by creating a new PHP file for your custom helper. It’s a good practice to give your helper file a descriptive name. For example, if you’re creating a helper to work with custom date formatting, you can name it `custom_date_helper.php`.


  1. File Location: Place your custom helper file in the `application/helpers` directory of your CodeIgniter project. This is where CodeIgniter looks for custom helper files.


  1. Helper Function: Inside your custom helper file, define the utility functions you want to include. These functions should follow standard PHP syntax. For example, if your helper handles date formatting, you might create a function like this:

   function custom_format_date($date) {

       // Your date formatting logic here




  1. Loading the Helper: To use your custom helper in a controller, model, or another part of your application, you need to load it. You can load your custom helper using the `$this->load->helper(‘helper_name’)` method, where ‘helper_name’ is the name of your custom helper file (without the ‘.php’ extension). Load the helper in the controller’s constructor or within a specific method where you intend to use it.


  1. Calling Helper Functions: Once loaded, you can call the functions defined in your custom helper as if they were built-in helper functions. For example, if you loaded a custom date formatting helper, you can use `custom_format_date($date)` to format a date within your controller or view.


  1. Testing: Be sure to test your custom helper functions to ensure they work as expected and provide the desired functionality in your application.

By following these steps, you can create and use custom helpers in CodeIgniter to encapsulate and reuse common utility functions across your application. Custom helpers enhance code organization, maintainability, and code reusability, allowing you to extend CodeIgniter’s capabilities to meet your specific development needs.

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