Flutter Q & A


What is the purpose of the GlobalKey in Flutter?

The `GlobalKey` in Flutter serves as a unique identifier for widgets across the widget tree, allowing developers to access and manipulate the state of a specific widget from anywhere in the application. It is particularly useful when you need to reference a widget and its associated state outside the widget tree where it is declared. Here are key points and an example to illustrate its purpose:


  1. Uniqueness: GlobalKey ensures the uniqueness of a widget within the widget tree, preventing conflicts when trying to access or update its state.


  1. Global Accessibility: It provides a way to access a widget from different parts of the application, such as from a parent widget or even a different screen.


  1. State Preservation: GlobalKey is often used to preserve and restore the state of a widget when rebuilding the widget tree. This is especially valuable when dealing with forms or complex UI elements.


  1. Key for Widgets: While it can be used with various Flutter classes, GlobalKey is commonly associated with StatefulWidgets, enabling the retrieval of the corresponding State object.




Suppose you have a `Form` widget in your Flutter application, and you want to reset the form from a button placed outside the widget tree. You can use `GlobalKey<FormState>` to achieve this:

class MyForm extends StatefulWidget {
  // Creating a GlobalKey for the Form widget
  static final GlobalKey<FormState> formKey = GlobalKey<FormState>();

  _MyFormState createState() => _MyFormState();

class _MyFormState extends State<MyForm> {
  Widget build(BuildContext context) {
    return Form(
      key: MyForm.formKey, // Associating GlobalKey with Form widget
      child: Column(
        children: [
          // Form fields go here
          // ...

// Outside the widget tree, you can reset the form using the GlobalKey
void resetForm() {
  if (MyForm.formKey.currentState != null) {

In this example, the GlobalKey allows the `resetForm` function to access and reset the state of the `Form` widget, even though it is located outside the widget tree where the form is defined.

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