Go Q & A


Can you create custom middleware in Go?

Yes, you can create custom middleware in Go to intercept and process HTTP requests and responses in web applications. Middleware functions in Go sit between the incoming HTTP request and the final handler, allowing you to perform preprocessing, postprocessing, authentication, logging, and other cross-cutting concerns.


Here’s how you can create custom middleware in Go:


  • Middleware Function: Define a middleware function with the following signature: func(http.Handler) http.Handler. This function takes an http.Handler as input and returns another http.Handler. The input handler represents the next handler in the chain, and the returned handler represents the modified request processing pipeline.
  • Middleware Logic: Implement the desired middleware logic inside the middleware function. This logic can include tasks such as authentication, authorization, logging, error handling, request/response manipulation, rate limiting, and more. Middleware functions have access to the request context, request headers, request body, and response writer, allowing you to inspect and modify the HTTP request and response.
  • Handler Chain: Inside the middleware function, invoke the next handler in the chain to delegate request processing to subsequent middleware layers or the final request handler. You can call the ServeHTTP method on the input handler to forward the request to the next handler in the chain.
  • Usage: Register the middleware function with the HTTP server by wrapping the main request handler with the middleware function. You can use the http.Handle or http.HandleFunc function to associate the middleware-enhanced handler with specific HTTP routes or patterns.
  • Middleware Stack: Compose multiple middleware functions to form a middleware stack, where each middleware component handles a specific aspect of request processing. Middleware functions can be chained together in sequence, allowing you to modularize and encapsulate reusable components of request processing logic.


By creating custom middleware in Go, you can encapsulate cross-cutting concerns and reusable components of request processing logic, promote code reuse and maintainability, and enhance the scalability, flexibility, and maintainability of Go web applications.

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Over 5 years of experience in Golang. Led the design and implementation of a distributed system and platform for building conversational chatbots.