Go Q & A


What is a select statement in Go?

In Go, the select statement is used to choose between multiple send or receive operations on channels. It allows you to wait on multiple communication operations simultaneously and perform the first operation that is ready.


The select statement resembles a switch statement but is specifically designed for channel communication. Each case inside the select statement represents a communication operation on a channel, including send and receive operations.


Here’s a basic example of using the select statement in Go:


select {
case msg1 := <-ch1:
    fmt.Println("Received message from ch1:", msg1)
case msg2 := <-ch2:
    fmt.Println("Received message from ch2:", msg2)
case ch3 <- msg3:
    fmt.Println("Sent message to ch3")
    fmt.Println("No communication ready")

In this example, the select statement waits for any of the specified communication operations to become ready. If multiple operations are ready, one of them is chosen at random. If no communication operations are ready and there is a default case, the default case is executed.


The select statement is a powerful tool for implementing concurrency patterns such as timeouts, non-blocking communication, and multiplexing multiple channels in Go programs.

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