iOS Q & A


How do I use breakpoints in Xcode?

Breakpoints in Xcode are markers placed in the source code of an iOS application to pause execution at specific points during runtime, allowing developers to inspect the program’s state, analyze variables, and diagnose issues. Breakpoints are a fundamental tool for debugging iOS apps and are commonly used to identify the root cause of bugs, crashes, and unexpected behavior.


To use breakpoints in Xcode:

  • Setting Breakpoints: Place breakpoints in the source code by clicking on the gutter area next to the line number where you want to set the breakpoint. Alternatively, you can use keyboard shortcuts or context menus to set breakpoints quickly.
  • Conditional Breakpoints: Configure breakpoints to pause execution only when specific conditions are met by right-clicking on the breakpoint and selecting “Edit Breakpoint…” from the context menu. In the breakpoint settings dialog, specify conditions based on variables, expressions, or other runtime conditions. 
  • Stepping Through Code: While paused at a breakpoint, developers can step through code execution using the debugging controls in Xcode. Use the “Step Over” button (F6) to execute the current line of code and move to the next line, the “Step Into” button (F7) to step into function calls and method invocations, and the “Step Out” button (F8) to step out of the current function or method.
  • Resuming Execution: After inspecting variables and analyzing program state, resume program execution by clicking the “Resume” button (F8) in the debugging controls. Xcode continues executing the program until the next breakpoint is encountered or until the program completes execution.
  • Disabling and Removing Breakpoints: To disable a breakpoint without removing it, click on the breakpoint marker in the gutter area, or right-click on the breakpoint and select “Disable Breakpoint.” To remove a breakpoint entirely, click and drag the breakpoint marker out of the gutter area, or right-click on the breakpoint and select “Delete Breakpoint.”


By using breakpoints effectively in Xcode, developers can debug iOS apps efficiently, identify issues, and diagnose problems in their code. Breakpoints provide developers with granular control over program execution, allowing them to pause, inspect, and analyze code at specific points during debugging, ultimately leading to more reliable and robust iOS applications.

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Skilled iOS Engineer with extensive experience developing cutting-edge mobile solutions. Over 7 years in iOS development.