Laravel Q & A


How to work with databases in Laravel?

Working with databases in Laravel is like having a reliable assistant that helps you manage and interact with your application’s data effortlessly. Laravel provides a clean and intuitive interface for performing database operations, making it easy to work with databases in your application. Here’s how you can work with databases in Laravel in a user-friendly way:


Database Configuration: Laravel makes it simple to configure database connections for your application. Database configuration settings such as connection type, host, database name, username, and password are specified in the config/database.php configuration file. Laravel supports various database systems out of the box, including MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, and SQL Server.


Defining Database Models: In Laravel, database tables are represented as models, which are PHP classes that interact with corresponding database tables. You can create a new model using Laravel’s artisan command-line interface:


php artisan make:model User

This command generates a new model class in the app directory, which you can use to interact with the users table in your database.


Migration Files: Laravel uses migration files to define the structure of your application’s database tables. Migration files are PHP classes that define the schema for creating, modifying, or dropping database tables. You can create a new migration file using the artisan command:


php artisan make:migration create_users_table

This command generates a new migration file in the database/migrations directory, where you can define the schema for the users table.


Running Migrations: Once you have defined your migration files, you can use Laravel’s migration feature to create or modify database tables. Run the following artisan command in your terminal to execute pending migrations:

php artisan migrate

Laravel will execute any pending migration files and update your database schema accordingly.


Eloquent ORM: Laravel’s Eloquent ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) provides a convenient and expressive way to interact with your database tables using PHP syntax. Eloquent models allow you to perform database operations such as querying, inserting, updating, and deleting records in a fluent and intuitive manner.


Query Builder: In addition to Eloquent ORM, Laravel provides a query builder interface for constructing database queries using fluent method chaining. The query builder allows you to build complex SQL queries programmatically and interact with your database tables at a lower level of abstraction.


Database Seeders: Laravel’s database seeders allow you to populate your database tables with sample data for testing and development purposes. You can define seeders using artisan commands and execute them to populate your database with initial data.


By following these steps, you can effectively work with databases in Laravel and leverage its powerful features to build robust and scalable web applications. Laravel’s elegant syntax, intuitive interfaces, and comprehensive documentation make it a joy to work with databases and manage your application’s data efficiently.

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Experienced Full Stack Engineer with expertise in Laravel and AWS. 7 years of hands-on Laravel development, leading impactful projects and teams.