How to handle errors?
React provides a specialized lifecycle method and a higher-order component to elegantly catch and deal with errors that occur during rendering, in lifecycle methods, and in constructors of class components. This mechanism is known as “Error Boundaries.”
To create an error boundary, you need to define a class component that includes one or both of the following lifecycle methods:
- `static getDerivedStateFromError(error)`: This lifecycle method is called after an error has been thrown in a descendant component. It receives the error that was thrown and should return a value to update the state. Typically, you’d use this method to render a fallback UI by setting some state.
- `componentDidCatch(error, info)`: This method works like a `catch` block. It gets triggered after an error occurs, giving you the chance to log the error. It receives the thrown error and some additional details, like the component stack.
Once you have an error boundary in place, you can use it to wrap any component or component tree. If an error occurs within that wrapped component or any of its descendants, the error boundary will catch it and render the fallback UI, preventing the entire app from crashing.
It’s good practice to place multiple error boundaries at various levels in your app to provide a granular fallback experience. For instance, you might want only a widget to display an error state instead of the entire page.
Error boundaries in React offer a powerful way to handle errors gracefully within components, ensuring that a localized issue doesn’t compromise the entire application’s user experience.