How to use the useRef hook?
The `useRef` hook in React is a versatile tool with a range of applications, but at its core, it provides a way to persistently hold a reference to a value across renders without causing a re-render when its value changes. Here’s a breakdown of its uses and behavior:
- Accessing DOM Elements: Traditionally in class components, we used the `createRef` method to get a reference to a DOM node. With functional components and hooks, `useRef` serves this purpose. By attaching the ref to a DOM element, you can directly interact with the element, for instance, to manage its focus or read its value.
- Preserving Mutable Values without Triggering Re-render: Unlike the `useState` hook, changing the value of a ref doesn’t trigger a component re-render. This makes `useRef` suitable for keeping values that don’t affect the render output but need to be retained across renders, such as timers or intervals.
- Reference to Previous Values: Often, in certain effects or computations, you might need to access the previous state or props value. A ref can hold this previous value, allowing you to make comparisons or leverage it in various scenarios without storing it in the component’s state.
When you call `useRef`, you’re returned a mutable object called `refObject` with a `current` property. This `current` property can be initialized with an argument passed to `useRef` and thereafter, can be updated to any value, be it a DOM node or any other value.
In practice, using the `useRef` hook is straightforward. After declaring a ref via `const myRef = useRef(initialValue)`, you can attach it to a DOM element with the `ref` attribute or manipulate its `current` property for other use cases.
`useRef` provides a way to persist values across renders without causing re-renders, allowing developers to manage DOM interactions, retain mutable values, and reference previous values in a more performant manner.