What is useState and how is it used?
`useState` is one of the foundational hooks introduced in React 16.8, providing functional components with the capability to maintain internal state, a feature previously exclusive to class components. It marks a significant simplification in state management, offering a more direct and clear-cut approach compared to the traditional `this.state` and `this.setState` in class components.
To update the state, you’d use the returned function rather than modifying the state directly. This ensures that React is aware of the state change and can efficiently schedule a re-render of the component. Importantly, unlike `this.setState` in class components, the update function from `useState` doesn’t automatically merge objects or arrays. If you’re updating an object or array, you’d typically need to manually spread the previous state or use another state management strategy.
One of the primary benefits of `useState` is its clarity. Each call to `useState` manages a distinct piece of state, promoting more readable code. Furthermore, because of its function-based nature, `useState` can be employed conditionally or within loops, though React requires that the hooks are called in the same order between renders, which generally implies they shouldn’t be called conditionally. `useState` represents a paradigm shift in how state is handled in React. It offers a straightforward, intuitive mechanism for managing internal component state, making stateful logic in functional components more approachable and easier to reason about.