What is Ruby programming language?
Ruby is a dynamic, high-level, and general-purpose programming language known for its simplicity and elegance. It was created in the mid-1990s by Yukihiro Matsumoto, often referred to as Matz, with the primary goal of making programming more enjoyable and productive for developers. Ruby is an interpreted language, meaning that you don’t need to compile your code before running it, which enhances its ease of use and agility.
One of Ruby’s defining features is its focus on readability and human-friendly syntax. Its code is often described as being close to natural language, making it accessible to both beginners and experienced developers. Ruby is dynamically typed, which means that variable types are determined at runtime, offering flexibility but requiring careful attention to type-related issues.
Ruby supports object-oriented programming (OOP) at its core, with everything being an object, including numbers and functions. It emphasizes the use of classes and objects to structure code, facilitating modular and maintainable software design. Additionally, Ruby has a rich standard library, offering a wide range of built-in tools and modules for various tasks, from file manipulation to web development.
Ruby’s community is vibrant and active, with a wealth of gems (libraries) available for almost any task, thanks to the RubyGems package manager. Furthermore, Ruby gained popularity for web development with the advent of Ruby on Rails, a powerful and widely used web framework known for its convention-over-configuration philosophy.
Ruby is a versatile and elegant programming language that prioritizes developer happiness and productivity. Its clean and intuitive syntax, coupled with a robust ecosystem of libraries and frameworks, has made it a popular choice for web development, scripting, and various other software development projects.