How to Achieve Seamless Real-Time Communication with SignalR and C#

In today’s fast-paced digital world, real-time communication in web applications is a necessity. SignalR, a library from Microsoft, simplifies the process of adding real-time web functionality to applications. This post will guide you through the process of integrating SignalR with a C# web application.

How to Achieve Seamless Real-Time Communication with SignalR and C#

1. What is SignalR?

SignalR is a library that enables real-time, two-way communication between a server and connected clients. It uses various techniques to establish this communication, such as WebSockets, Server-Sent Events, or Long Polling.

2. Setting Up SignalR

To start, you need to install the SignalR NuGet package:

Install-Package Microsoft.AspNetCore.SignalR

3. Creating a SignalR Hub

A Hub in SignalR is a communication pipeline. Here is a simple example:

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.SignalR;

public class ChatHub : Hub
    public async Task SendMessage(string user, string message)
        await Clients.All.SendAsync("ReceiveMessage", user, message);

4. Configuring SignalR in Startup.cs

In the `Startup` class of your application, you need to add and configure SignalR:

public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
    app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>

5. Connecting to SignalR Hub from the Client

On the client side, you need to add the SignalR JavaScript client library and establish a connection:

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/microsoft-signalr/3.1.9/signalr.min.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    const connection = new signalR.HubConnectionBuilder()

    connection.start().catch(err => console.error(err.toString()));

6. Receiving Messages on the Client

To receive messages from the server, you need to register a function that will be called when a message is sent:

connection.on("ReceiveMessage", (user, message) => {
    const encodedMsg = user + " says " + message;
    const li = document.createElement("li");
    li.textContent = encodedMsg;

7. Sending Messages from the Client

To send messages from the client to the server, you can call the `invoke` method:

document.getElementById("sendButton").addEventListener("click", event => {
    const user = document.getElementById("userInput").value;
    const message = document.getElementById("messageInput").value;
    connection.invoke("SendMessage", user, message).catch(err => console.error(err));

8. Example: Building a Simple Chat Application

Now that we understand the basics, let’s build a simple chat application.

Step 1: Create a New ASP.NET Core Web Application

Create a new project in Visual Studio or use the `dotnet` CLI to create a new web application.

Step 2: Install SignalR

As mentioned earlier, install the SignalR NuGet package.

Step 3: Add the ChatHub Class

Create a new class named `ChatHub` and add the code from the “Creating a SignalR Hub” section.

Step 4: Configure SignalR in Startup.cs

Add and configure SignalR in the `Startup` class as shown in the “Configuring SignalR in Startup.cs” section.

Step 5: Create the Chat UI

In your `Index.cshtml` or equivalent, add the following HTML:

    <input type="text" id="userInput" />
    <input type="text" id="messageInput" />
    <input type="button" id="sendButton" value="Send" />
<ul id="messagesList"></ul>

Step 6: Add the SignalR JavaScript Client Library

Add the SignalR JavaScript client library and scripts as shown in the “Connecting to SignalR Hub from the Client” and subsequent sections.

Step 7: Run the Application

Run your application, open it in multiple browser windows, and test the chat functionality.


SignalR is a powerful library that makes real-time communication in web applications straightforward and efficient. With SignalR, you can easily build chat applications, live notifications, collaborative tools, and much more.

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